Moynahan Surnames

Tuesday, February 6, 2018

William Sutherland's 1870 Emigration From Scotland

Calendar created with Family Tree Maker 2017; Edited to exclude living relatives
My daily genealogy practice since 2017 has been to create monthly calendars using my Family Tree Maker 2017 program that lists all of the births, marriages and deaths for the 1700 ancestors in my family tree.

Each day, I look at the ancestors listed on that particular day and I:
  1. honour them by saying their name and then looking them up on my Ancestry Family Tree
  2. review all of the information that I have for that ancestor on
  3. search for any new information on that ancestor (shaking "green leaves") that may have become available since the last time I checked
  4. create an OTD ("On This Day") social media post on that ancestor to share with my extended family (see a recent example below)
  5. create a blog post about an exciting new piece of information that I have found after doing number 1 and 2 above (like I am doing now for William Sutherland)

My 2nd great-uncle James Moynahan who was born in Maidstone, Ontario on Feb. 6, 1879
Above is an example of an "OTD"  that I recently created on February 6, 2018 for my 2nd great-uncle James Moynahan who was born in Maidstone, Ontario on Feb. 6, 1879. He married Miriam Bondy in 1903 and had three sons (Albert of Detroit and Norman & Lawrence of California)

William Sutherland

I had no idea when I began my "OTD" research for William Sutherland that I would uncover such a tragic story and, at the same time, find NEW information about my 2nd great-grandfather James Henry Allan Annal's emigration to Canada!

William Sutherland (born February 7, 1781 in Aberdeen, Scotland) is the father-in-law of my 3rd great-aunt Jemima Almina Annal (1846-1920) and, when I reviewed recent hints for William, the 1870 New York City (NYC) passenger list (below) caught my attention!

The 1870 NYC Passenger List; Year: 1870; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: M237, 1820-1897; Microfilm Roll: Roll 336; Line: 34; List Number: 1031
I found William Sutherland on the passenger list of the ship Columbia that arrived at the port of New York, New York from Glasgow, Scotland on November 5, 1870. On this New York Passenger list I also found more Sutherlands and one Annal! The names on the Passenger List were a bit confused and I have clarified them (in the order listed) below:
 My 2x Great-Grandfather Annal Found 
On The S.S. Columbia

I had always wondered under what circumstances my 2nd great-grandfather James Henry Allan Annal made his way to Canada. I knew that he was a sailor all of his life and so I imagined that, on one of his many trips across the Atlantic, he had simply disembarked and made a new life for himself in Ontario, Canada but now I know he traveled (at twenty-two years of age) in steerage aboard the ship Columbia with his sister Jemima's in-laws the Sutherlands.

The Sutherland Family 
of Chatham, Ontario

The family of James and Jemima (Annal) Sutherland; Chatham, Ontario

The story of James Sutherland (1850-1933) found in The Commemorative biographical record of the county of Kent, Ontario (p 513)

For William's son James, the trip across the Atlantic was worthwhile because he went on to become a "prosperous farmer and leading citizen of Gore of Chatham, Lot 7, Concession 1".

Unfortunately, the crossing over the Atlantic proved fatal for his ninety-year-old father William Sutherland.

November 1870: William Sutherland's Ship
Arrived in New York City Nov. 5th and He Died Nov. 9th

The ship Columbia left Scotland on October 15, 1870  and arrived at the port of New York, New York on November 5, 1870 with six family members from the Sutherland and Annal families. On Wednesday morning, November 9, 1870, the Rochester Daily Democrat Newspaper, (Vol. 38 #2054) reported:
SUDDEN DEATH --- This morning about two o'clock, Wm. Sutherland, who was with his wife and son on the emigrant train from the east, was found dead in his seat in the car on the arrival of the train at the depot. He was ninety years of age, Coroner Harder was called, but the holding of the inquest was postponed until today at 8 o'clock.
Then on Thursday morning, November 10, 1870, the Rochester Daily Democrat Newspaper, (Vol. 38 #2055) reported:

THE DEATH AT THE DEPOT --- William Sutherland, who died at the Depot in this city on Tuesday night, as mentioned in Wednesday's paper, was a Scotchman, on his way to Canada. With his wife and son and one or two other members of his family, he left Scotland on the 15th of October, and landed in New York on Monday last. Before arriving in Rochester, for an hour or two, Sutherland became quite sleepy and had to have assistance in getting on board the Falls train. Soon afterward he was found dead. He was ninety years old, and became much exhausted during the voyage to New York.
Coroner Harder investigated the case, but did not deem it necessary to hold an inquest. The deceased was buried yesterday, and the family left last evening for Canada, where they have relatives residing.
 William Sutherland Buried at
Rochester, Monroe County,  
New York, USA

According to Mt. Hope internment records ( ) William Sutherland was buried in the Public Grounds in Row 16 / Grave #35. 

Joel Shore (who takes headstone photographs for Find A Grave) has done extensive research on this area of the Mt. Hope cemetery in Rochester and the many changes made there since 1870. There is no marker for William Sutherland and it is estimated that his final resting place is captured in the area of these surviving markers in the photograph below taken by Joel Shore.

The Mt. Hope cemetery map is here:
Mt. Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York; Photo taken by Joel Shore (used here with his permission); Find A Grave
Mt. Hope internment records (
Barbara (Barron) Sutherland Died 1898

William's wife Barbara (Barron) Sutherland died on November 15, 1898 twenty-eight years  after arriving in the port of New York, New York and losing her husband. She is buried in Plot 1011 at the Riverview Cemetery Wallaceburg, Ontario.

 The OTD Review Yields NEW Information

I had no idea that my 2nd great-grandfather James Henry Allan Annal's emigration story was filled with such tragedy and loss and yet I knew that this was common occurrence for so many Scottish and Irish emigrants who took a chance crossing the great Atlantic to make a new life in Canada.
These new facts about my Sutherland and Annal ancestors came to me by way of my regular practice to honour my ancestors through my daily OTD (On This Day) review. It is a really helpful practice that I highly recommend for other genealogists and as you can see from William Sutherland's example, you never know what you might find!

The S.S. Columbia
My 2nd Great-grandfather 
James Henry Annal's Emigration Ship
This Currier and Ives print is available for sale at

 1870 Anchor Line announcement for Routes on the Norway - Scotland service (Norwegian newspaper)

The S.S. Columbia was built in 1866 at Glasgow by Alexander Stephen & Sons and she was a : "Clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (ship-rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 80-cabin and 540-3rd class passengers.(Source:

Her maiden voyage was from Glasgow to New York October 27, 1866 and the time needed to cross the Atlantic was fifteen days.

More S.S. Columbia Links
Previous Blog Posts About the Annal, Sutherland(and Hess) Families

No comments:

Post a Comment