|My Irish ancestors from the west and south-west of Ireland|
This blog post is the first of several that I hope will assist me in locating the townlands and parishes of my ancestors in Ireland.
My 3rd great-grandparents John and Catherine (Bowler) Brennan emigrated from Kerry, Ireland to Essex, Ontario in 1853 with their only child Mary (my 2nd great-grandmother born in 1841) who was only twelve years old at the time.
The living conditions in county Kerry Ireland during the ten-year period between 1841 (when my 2nd great-grandmother Mary Brennan was born) to 1851 were horrific.
In 1846 "there was nothing but distress and destitution" (Source: The Land and the People of Famine Kerry 1845-1851, Emma Catharina Linzel, 12004378 )
|A pencil drawing entitled 'The house of Pat Brennan', a small farmer on Daniel O'Connell's estate at Derrynane, Co. Kerry. 'The Pictorial Times', Feb. 7 1846. Held in the National Library of Scotland. Published in 'The Irish Famine- A Documentary History' by Noel Kissane ISBN 0-907328-24-5 (Source: The Pictorial Times")|
"A quick search of Griffith's Valuation online finds one Patrick Brennan, tenant of Maurice O'Connell, in the townland of Darrynane Beg, Civil Parish of Kilcrohane, Poor Law Union of Cahersiveen six years later in 1852."
|My 2nd great-grandmother Mary (Brennan) Moynahan with her daughter Nellie|
Mary was born in 1841 in Ireland. All of the Ontario censuses records (1861-1921) say that Mary was born in Ireland. None of the census records say that Mary was born in Kerry, Ireland but the headstone of her parents at St. Mary's cemetery in Maidstone, Ontario does specify county Kerry.
Mary's father John Brennan headstone states that he is a "Native of County Kerry, Ireland" and her mother Catherine (Bowler) Brennan's headstone states that she was "Born in 1819 in Kerry, Ireland"
It is clear that "Kerry" was an important distinction that the Brennan family wanted carved into their headstones.
On Mary's death certificate of 1926, her age is recorded as 85 years making her birth date 1841. The Ontario census records of 1861, 1881, 1891 and 1921 concur.There is a small variance on some of the census years in ONtario:
- On the 1861 census: Mary's age is 20 and her birth date is estimated to be 1841
- On the 1871 census: Mary's age is 28 and her birth date is estimated to be 1843
- On the 1881 census: Mary's age is 40 and her birth date is estimated to be 1841
- On the 1891 census: Mary's age is 50 and her birth date is estimated to be 1841
- On the 1901 census: Mary's birth date is March 20, 1842
- On the 1911 census: Mary's birth date is August 1840
- On the 1921 census: Mary's age is 80 and her birth date is estimated to be 1841
Mary Brennan's 1853 Emigration
Based on Ontario census records (1861-1921), we know that Mary Brennan was born in Ireland between 1841 and 1843 and we also know from the census that she emigrated from Ireland in 1853.
Mary's emigration from Ireland to Canada is also mentioned in her June 25 1926 Essex Free Press Obituary:
"An old resident of Maidstone Cross section passed away on Monday moring at her home 432 Hall Ave. Windsor in the person of Mary Moynahan, relict of the late Jerry Moynahan. Mrs Moynahan, whose maiden name was Mary Brennan, daughter of John Brennan was born in Ireland 85 years ago. When 12 years of age she came with her parents to Canada and they settled in the township of Sandwich South......."
In 1857, John Brennan got the deed for 298 South Talbot Road and the family is shown on the 1861 census in Sandwich West as mother, father and daughter and all from Ireland.
Daniel Sullivan is the person who sold John Brennan the land and I have learned that Daniel Sullivan was born May 1818 in Tralee, County Kerry. (NB He was the same age as John Brennan)
|Source: Onland: Historical Books: Abstratct Indexes: Essex County|
Was Mary Brennan An Only Child?
It is common for Irish Catholic families of this time period to have large families with many, many children but this time period in Kerry was difficult
It is unusual to see Irish Catholic families with only one child. I wonder if the Brennan family met with severe hardship during the famine in Ireland in the 1840s or if they suffered losses on the voyage across the Atlantic.
It seems clear that Mary (Brennan) Moynahan did not receive an education in Ireland. Both her mother Catherine (Bowler) Brennan and Mary were recorded on the 1861 Ontario census as unable to read or write but John Brennan could read and write.
I thought I would look for more clues by looking back on my correspondence from the 1980s when I began to ask questions about my Irish ancestors of cousins like Brother Bernard Broderick (1916-1992), Evelyn Janice (1916-2009) and the Finn and Lennon families.
Evelyn (Lennon) Janice (1916-2009)
In the 1980's I wrote to my 1st cousin 2x removed Evelyn (Lennon) Janice (1916-2009). Evelyn had to prove that her grandmother was born in Ireland in order to get citizenship so I wrote hoping to learn more about our shared family history
Evelyn (Lennon) Janice attended De La Salle school and was often told to stop over and visit with her grandmother Mary (Brennan) Moynahan after school. It was these visits with her grandmother that inspired Evelyn to do more research on her Irish roots.
|Pictured (left to right): Marie Lennon, Evelyn (Lennon) Janice, Caitlin Clyne, and Clarice Lennon (circa 1983) (Photo: Courtesy of Caitlin Clyne)|
Evelyn's parents Edward and Kate (Moynahan) Lennon lived at 15 Moy Avenue in Windsor, Ontario (according to the 1921 census) and 432 Hall Avenue where Mary lived with her daughter Nellie Moynahan ran parallel and was the next street over from Moy. (Read more about this Lennon family at 52 Ancestors No.16 - The Lennon Sisters )
Here are some of Evelyn's remembrances from her visits with her grandmother:
I love the details that Evelyn shared with me in her letter (dated April 18, 1988) about the starched apron, sharing ice cream and tossing a coin in the Atlantic and I am so grateful to have these images of my 2nd great grandmother Mary (Brennan) Moynahan (1841-1926)
And Evelyn also shared what she learned from her trip to Ireland on October 1986:
I found the following article that was written about my Great Aunt Nellie Moynahan who was a school teacher in Essex County.
Her mother Mary Brennan was born in Ireland and I think the following sentence may yield helpful clues: She "came to Maidstone with her parents from Ireland to reside in the McGuire home."
Could the McGuires be a clue to the townland that the Brennans came from in Ireland? Were they related in some way or perhaps friends in county Kerry?
|Name distribution in 1659|
The one exception is that I have been unsuccessful in locating a death record/burial record/obituary for Catherine (Bowler) Brennan online. I plan to write to St. Mary's church in Maidstone, Ontario to see if they can locate a record.
- 1890 death record/burial record/obituary for Catherine (Bowler) Brennan (1819-1890)
- Kerry, Ireland: birth record for John Brennan (1819-1881)
- Kerry, Ireland: birth record for Catherine (Bowler) Brennan (1819-1890)
- Kerry, Ireland: birth record for Mary Brennan (1841-1926)
- Kerry, Ireland: marriage record for John Brennan and Catherine Bowler
- 1853 Emigration Record for family John, Catherine and Mary Brennan
- Research Essex Sullivans, McGuires and McAuliffes for clues
County Kerry (Irish: Contae Chiarraí) is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster. The county town is Tralee, Kerry. The name Kerry is derived from Ciarraighe, or "people of Ciar" the name of the pre-Gaelic tribe who lived in part of the present county. (Source: Family Search: County Kerry)
- Kerry Local Authorities - Graveyard Records A searchable index
- Landed Estates Database: a searchable, online database of all Landed Estates in Connacht and Munster, maintained by the Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Studies, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.landedestates.ie/
- Irish Newspaper Archives https://www.irishnewsarchive.com/
- National Library of Ireland (NLI): July 2015 released 300 years of records by the There are 370,000 digital images from 1,086 parishes https://registers.nli.ie/
- Flaxgrowers of Ireland 1796 - County Kerry The Irish Linen Board published a list of nearly 60,000 individuals in 1796
- Heads of Household of Ballyferriter Catholic Parish, Barony of Corkaguiny, County Kerry, Ireland 1827-1852
- For a free guide to Sneem Catholic Parish, County Kerry Genealogy parish records available online, see: Irish Ancestors.
- The Kerry Archaeological and Historical Society. http://www.kerryhistory.ie/
- The Irish Genealogical Society: The Septs: http://www.irishgenealogical.org/page/septs-1 http://www.irishgenealogical.org/page/septs-contents
- DIPPAM is an online virtual archive of documents relating the history of Ireland and the migration experience from the 18th to the late 20th centuries http://www.dippam.ac.uk/
- Claire Santry's free Irish genealogy resources should be a first stop when researching Irish genealogy http://www.irish-genealogy-toolkit.com/ & http://www.irish-genealogy-toolkit.com/
- BOOK (692 pages) Ancestors in Co. Kerry, Ireland Selections from Old Kerry records : historical and genealogical : with introductory memoir, notes and appendix by Hickson, Mary Agnes
- Immigrants to Canada in Nineteenth Century - Ships - Emigration Reports - Emigration Handbooks https://personal.uwaterloo.ca/marj/genealogy/thevoyage.html
- Emigration Information of the Nineteenth Century http://jubilation.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/thevoyage.html
- Black Potatoes: The Story of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1850 By Susan Campbell Bartoletti
- Views of the Famine https://viewsofthefamine.wordpress.com/
- Realities of Irish Life By William Steuart Trench
- Kerry Irish Famine Mapping Tool
- The Land and the People of Famine Kerry 1845-1851, Emma Catharina Linzel, 12004378 ) https://www.slideshare.net/EmmaLinzel/dissertation-the-land-and-the-people-of-famine-kerry-18451851-emma-catharina-linzel-12004378
- The Godfrey Estate During the Great Famine http://www.kerryhistory.ie/documents/5.%20Godfrey.pdf
- Atlas of Family Names in Ireland http://research.ucc.ie/doi/atlas Compares Brennan 1659 ‘Census’ to the Griffith's Valuation
- Free Genealogy Search http://mykerryancestors.com/services/free-genealogy-search/
- If you are planning a trip to Ireland, and wish to meet an Ireland Reaching Out volunteer from the local area, simply post a message on the Ireland XO message board
|My 2nd great grandparents |
Jeremiah and Mary (Brennan) Moynahan
|Source: Amherstburg Echo: Reports of John Brennans illness and death|
|John Brennan's Death Certificate|